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The future of the indicative and the near future.

Hello super students. – Today, a little bit of grammar, a little bit of conjugation. We will see the difference in use between the future of the indicative and the near future. – Yes. Then I’d like to take this opportunity to tell you that I made a video, where I summarize all the verbal tenses of French. So if you haven’t seen it, take a look at it, it’s very useful. – And above all – Above all? – That we have an extraordinary pack, – Ah yes, yes it’s true! – on all conjugations and verbs in French. –

 

By the way, I wanted to tell you, Pierre, that it helped me improve, because, you know, my problem was the conjugations, the endings, I always wrote them down wrong. – I know, I know. – And your pack, it’s great, now I’m not wrong anymore. – That’s just great. – That’s it, that’s how I’ve progressed. – All links in the description. – Come on, let’s get started. – Let’s go. – Well, then Pierre, – Yes? explain to us: when do we use the future of the indicative, i.e. “I will go”, and when do we use the near future, i.e. “I’m going to leave”? – So, that’s an excellent question. – Ah! Thank you. – No, that’s an excellent question, because the answer actually isn’t… is not clear-cut. – Easy? – Yeah, ’cause actually, well, we’re gonna see that… we’re gonna see that all through the video. that there are cases where it’s very clear, but there are cases where the line isn’t really clear. And these are the cases we’re going to focus on. It should also be known that the near future is increasingly used today. – Ah! Is that more dynamic? –

 

It feels more dynamic, and it is used mostly orally. – Come on, let’s start with the future tense first, then we’ll see the near future, and in the end, we’ll see a little bit of both, compare them: what are the limitations, commonalities, etc.? – Quite so. – So the first point, let’s see the future of the indicative. – Yes. So obviously, the future of the indicative we use it to talk about the future, about the future. For example? – One day I will know why you did that, Pierre! – But in fact, it is often used for something far away in time. And often the date is not really accurate. The moment in time isn’t really very very precise. For example, a child might say: “When I grow up, I will be a teacher of French. – Well, Pierre, a child would never say that. He’d say: I’ll be an astronaut, a fireman, a policeman… but a teacher, no! – I don’t see why. It is a very lovely profession in the world!

 

Yes. – It’s also used, often for forecasting. For example: “I think we will succeed. – Or also, to express consequences in the future. For example: “If I study well, I’ll pass my exam”. – Or even to express a request. For example: “You will call Mrs. Clemence, please, to give her my answer. That sounds a little formal. – It is also very often used after: “when,” “when,” “as soon as,” “while.” For example: “When he comes, hide.” – And of course, with phrases like “in 20 years”, “in 40 years” for now it’s a long time, and it’s not a accurate date. – Now, let’s look at the near future. Then it builds itself up with the verb “to go” in the present tense, and the infinitive of the verb to be conjugated. – So here, with the near future, it is usually an action which is going to be fairly close in time and is relevant to the current situation. – Yes, for example: “I’m going for a drink, are you coming, Peter? “

 

That’s it, typical. So the near future often expresses immediate or foreseeable events or changes to come. – Yes, for example, I’m going to say, “This winter I’m going to visit my aunt in Montreal. – It is more used, as has been said, orally, because it is more dynamic. – But in general, it’s being used more and more, isn’t it? Peter? – Yes, that’s the trend over the last few years. – The near future. And now, on to the third point: we’ll compare the near future with the future of the indicative. – Yes. Then it’s best to do it like this: we’ll start with the cases where it’s clear, you have to use one or the other. And then we’ll see where it gets a little more complicated. Let’s start by seeing the clear cases where the future tense of the indicative should be used. As we said before, we will use the future tense of the indicative after: “when,” “when,” or “as soon as. And in such cases, it would be really weird to use the near future. – All right, I’m in. – So we’ll say: “When you arrive,” “when you arrive,” “as soon as you arrive. – The future tense of the indicative is also used, after expressions such as: “in ten years,” “someday we’ll walk on Mars.” – Yes, because it’s far away in time, and it’s not a definite date.

 

We also use the future of the indicatif, not the near future, when expressing the condition, after “IF”. So after the “IF”, we put a present tense, and after a future indicative. For example: “If it rains, we’ll go to your house. – And now we’ll see when it’s clear when we use the near future. It’s going to be in cases, where the action is going to happen immediately. For example: “I’m going to have a drink Pierre, are you coming? » – “If it’s a beer, sure.” – “Of course, Pierre. – But in many, many cases, the line is actually not so clear, and we can put both. Let’s look at some examples. – Yes. For example, I will say: “This summer I will go to Greece. But I can also say: “This summer I will go to Greece. – Yes, it’s exactly the same thing. So I can say, “Are you going to call your parents? »

 

Or: “Will you call your parents? » – Yeah. Or even, “Tonight I’m going out to dinner.” or, “Tonight I’m going out to dinner.” – So in these examples actually, really there’s not much difference from one sentence to the next. Perhaps we can say that the near future gives a… a slightly more dynamic tone. – Yes. – And the future of the indicative, well, it’s a more classical time, French. So maybe the near future feels a little bit more… less… less formal, let’s say a little more informal, but really very light. – And don’t forget that you can even use the present tense, it gives a more dynamic feeling, closer in time to the situation. For example, “We’re going out to dinner tonight, Peter.” – Yeah, that’s right. And it is much used orally, in perhaps slightly colloquial language. Finally, it’s dynamic orally. – “Tonight we’re going out to dinner.” – “Tonight we dance.” – “Tonight we dance.” So you’ll understand.

We have a great class. on all conjugation of the French language and verbs in general. So we’ll leave you all the links below the video, and you also, of course, have two fantastic free classes, for beginners and for a slightly more advanced level. – Stay motivated, keep learning French. – And be zen. – Life is beautiful! See you next Sunday! – Goodbye!

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