German language classes in lucknow
INTRODUCTION An German language
The course will develop your language skill in speaking, reading, writing, translation and interpretation in the language of your choice. You will be introduced to history, culture and literature of the particular language. Audiovisual language laboratory facilities and films make learning the language simple and interesting.
Vocabulary and Grammar
In learning to read or speak any language with which you have minimal acquaintance (that is, are not a native speaker of), the two aspects to be mastered are vocabulary and grammar.
A guide to pronunciation of German is provided as Appendix 1. You should become familiar with this page early on, and refer to it often. Nothing can replace learning a language from a native speaker, but the text is liberally sprinkled with audio files providing the student with valuable input from hearing spoken German. Analyze the spoken words carefully.
Layout of Lessons
This textbook is intended as a beginning course in the German language for English speakers. Early lessons emphasize conversational subjects and gradually introduce German grammatical concepts .
Welcome to Level I German!
Level I is aimed at junior high and high school students. However, it can be used by others just beginning to learn to speak or read German. The goal of Level I German is not to overwhelm or confuse the student, but rather to teach the student in an orderly fashion. Learning German is meant to be fun, not subjective. Thus, the vocabulary is formatted for translating from English (which the students know) into German.
Formal and Informal Greetings in German
Germans respect higher authority with their choice of certain phrases. The more formal phrases above are Guten Morgen, Guten Tag, and Auf Wiedersehen (as well as Grüß Gott). The less formal ones are Tschüss. The other are neutral in the formal – informal chain. Note: In Germany nowadays, “Tschüss” is also used with people who are not on first name terms.
Here are some examples:
• Claudia: Guten Morgen, Herr Wagner!
• Herr Wagner: Hallo, Claudia!
The German Alphabet
The 26 letters in both German and English are shown above. One other letter, ß (the eszett ‘ess-tset’) is used for (voiceless) ‘s’. It is used in case two s’s (ss) or when a single s can’t be used: between vowels or in the end of words when the preceding vowel is long. Example: “der Fluss” (short u, English river), but “der Fuß” (long u, English foot). Note that the eszett is not used in Switzerland. You always write double s instead, even after long vowels. Therefore you write “Fluss” and “Fuss”.
What’s On the Test
The test will have four parts to it: Grammar (79 points), Translating (95 points), Reading Comprehension (20 points), Vocabulary (20 points), and Previous Topics (10 points) in that order.